bookkeeping and accounting

Understand the Difference between Bookkeeping and Accounting

While bookkeeping and accounting both have a significant financial impact on businesses, they are not the same. Whereas accounting takes a subjective look at the data and interprets it for your business and cash flow objectives, bookkeeping keeps a precise record of all purchases and transactions your company makes. A bookkeeper can be regarded as an accountant; however, an accountant cannot be a bookkeeper without the necessary certification. You can say that bookkeeping and accounting are the two branches of a same tree. But the type of tasks they perform and the method of working is different. In this blog, we will understand more details about between bookkeeping and accounting.

Introduction to Bookkeeping and Accounting

The daily chore of ensuring that your financial records are current is called bookkeeping. It involves ensuring that all of your costs have been accurately documented and that your receipts are in their rightful manner. Maintaining books accurately will help you manage your credit by keeping track of which bills are past due and which have been paid.

To put it simply, it’s ensuring that you have all the necessary materials to file your tax return by keeping track of what comes in and goes out each day. Accounting is what takes place once your bookkeeper organises everything. Your accountant may examine the numbers and deliver you a report that illustrates the state of your company when you turn over your books to them. More practically, it enables them to review your tax situation, provide you with an estimate of the amount you owe HMRC, and prepare and submit your tax return.

The Role of Bookkeeping in Business

To expand business bookkeeping plays a fundamental and revolutionary role. The fundamental function of bookkeeping is to systematically record, arrange, and preserve a company’s financial transactions.

There are various reasons why this basic procedure is important.

Financial Health Analysis:

A business’s financial health can be clearly seen through bookkeeping. It helps business owners determine their profitability by keeping track of revenue and expenses. Maintaining this continuous financial awareness is essential to making well-informed choices on expansion tactics.

Budgeting and Forecasting:

Planning and forecasting are made easier with the help of good bookkeeping. Enterprises can forecast their future earnings and costs by analysing financial trends and patterns. Planning growth activities like adding more employees, launching new products, or entering new markets requires this kind of forethought.

Cash Flow Management:

Any business depends on its cash flow to survive. In order to make sure a company has adequate cash on hand to support operations and make investments in expansion prospects, bookkeeping helps monitor cash flow. Cash flow issues that can hinder growth are avoided by efficiently managing payables and receivables.

Tax Compliance and Optimisation:

Proper bookkeeping can assist find opportunities for tax savings and guarantees compliance with tax rules. This compliance leads to increased profitability and prevents legal issues, both of which support corporate expansion.

Attract Investors:

Well-maintained financial records are essential for companies looking for financing. Prior to providing financing, lenders and investors must evaluate the financial stability of a company. The openness and credibility that bookkeeping offers are essential for drawing in outside funding.

Data-driven decision making:

In today’s corporate environment having true accurate data is essential for right decision making. Bookkeeping offers useful financial data that may be examined to find areas for expansion, ways to increase productivity, and ways to save expenses.

The Role of Accounting in Business

Evaluates business performance: Evaluating business performance is one of accounting’s numerous responsibilities. You can portray your company’s financial situation using the account reports. After you understand it, you may prioritize your next tasks based on the strength of your company. You can efficiently manage your finances by being able to promptly monitor your spending.

Maintains financial records up-to-date:

Accounting is used to preserve financial statements. For the purpose of filing taxes, every firm is required to present its financial statements. Keeping accurate records of your business’s finances would make managing every problem and achieving your objectives simple.

Make budget projections:

Business managers might concentrate less on ongoing issues like losing money on sales of a product when they have a budget. It permits entrepreneurs to concentrate on the bigger picture. For better or ill, budgets enable the distribution of funds to initiatives that foster company expansion and aid in the understanding of the organisation’s aims by everybody. ​

Without the right budget management accounting offers, businesses run the risk of circling around in a financial loop, extinguishing one fire just to have another one arise without ever knowing why. Moreover, failure to pay invoices on time might result in unneeded stress for business owners and their operations.

Assists in decision-making:

At all organisational levels, financial accounting records are used to support decision-making. Decisions made by management at all levels are informed by the financial information relevant to their area of responsibility. It might simply be necessary to choose the more reasonably priced provider to make these decisions.

Supports Liquidity management:

Ineffective cash flow management is the primary cause of small business failure. It could be simple to lose sight of the greater picture while you are preoccupied with the daily tasks at your business. You can determine your degree of liquidity by analysing your financial accounting data. ​

It will also show how much money you owe other individuals and how much you owe them. You can lower your chance of filing for bankruptcy or running into financial difficulties by using this advice to manage your responsibilities.

Differences between Bookkeeping and Accounting

Bookkeeping is mostly an administrative duty, whereas accounting calls for reasoning and problem- solving. This is the primary distinction between the two types of work. Additional distinctions between bookkeepers and accountants are outlined below. ​


The daily financial records of the company should be kept in good condition by bookkeepers. The financial records of the company should be examined by accountants in order to find problems and chances for performance improvement.

Roles and responsibilities:

A regular administrative task are bookkeeping. It sets up your company’s accounts for more complicated activities and is the initial stage in the comprehensive accounting process. ​ The task of accounting might be completed on a weekly, monthly, or quarterly basis. It is a methodical, subjective examination of your data that can assess the general health of your company. ​

Skill Level:

All day long, bookkeepers and accountants deal with figures and financial information. Therefore, applicants who dislike arithmetic, find it difficult to understand even basic computations, or who are just against crunching numbers should not opt for bookkeeping and accounting career.

You need to have almost superhuman attention to detail to work as a bookkeeper. Ignorant errors that don’t seem serious at first can later cause more serious, expensive, and time-consuming issues. You have to have multitasking skills. A bookkeeper’s usual workday consists of juggling five or six smaller assignments rather than working on one large project for eight hours. Since computerised accounting software and applications are used for almost all bookkeeping, bookkeepers should be at least somewhat conversant with current technology.

As an accountant, you have to be meticulous with numbers and financial minutiae, but you also need to be smart with logic and able to solve problems in the big picture. Accountants use the minor components that bookkeepers make sure fit perfectly to reach far larger and more meaningful conclusions about a company’s finances.

Which one is Right for your business?

After reading the above information about bookkeeping and accounting you might think accountant is required or bookkeeper is required for business. Bookkeeping and accounting are distinct services with different uses, as was previously established. Asking yourself a few questions will help you decide if you need a bookkeeper or an accountant.

Your focus is on long-term goal or short-term goal?

If we compare between bookkeeping and accounting, accounting is the long-term planning, documentation, and reporting of earnings and outlays. It provides the financial basis for your company that you require in order to formulate a long-term plan. However, laying this foundation requires first completing the task of bookkeeping.

In addition to keeping track of your financial data for future use, it enables you to handle urgent business requirements. You will most likely require an accountant if you want assistance creating a long-term strategy and company plan. You will most likely require a bookkeeper if you wish to monitor your earnings and outlays and examine your records to help you make better judgments down the road.

Do you want to focus on income or expenses?

Accounting services frequently concentrate on the net profit and cash flow of a company, whereas bookkeeping mostly deals with revenue and expenses. In order to ensure that you’re making prudent financial decisions, you will employ your bookkeeping services if your company’s revenue is little. Your accountant will become more important as your company expands and your income rises to ensure that you’re maximising your profit.

You are looking for one-time service or an on-going support?

Generally, accounting services are provided on a long-term basis, contingent upon your company’s need. On the other hand, bookkeeping is utilised for immediate financial management. Not only can an accountant assist your company with long-term planning, but they can also provide bookkeeping services if necessary.

Is your cash flow positive or negative?

An accountant is required to review your company’s financial statements and determine whether it has positive cash flow. If you have a negative cash flow and need to monitor your spending, bookkeeping is crucial since it helps you preserve accurate financial records and data.


It is evident that accounting and bookkeeping services are distinct financial offerings tailored to meet distinct corporate requirements. Bookkeeping is the most effective method to keep correct financial records if you must. The use of accounting services is recommended if you wish to make well-informed business judgments. It’s not necessary to choose between them; they’re both vital. To make sure your company is prepared for everything, you can have both bookkeeping and accounting services.

CoxHinkins support SMEs with reliable bookkeeping and accounting services. We have well- experienced accountants and bookkeepers who can assist you to maintain accurate records. We also use various accounting software which makes task easier and quick. If you are in search of bookkeeping and accounting services reach out to us. Our team will assist your queries in the best possible way.


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